|In modern societies, we are facing complicated problems and that increase the uncertainty and disharmony in humanity. To solve these problems, we are required to bring together cross disciplinary wisdom and respond to social needs to achieve total optimization and harmony. Our association was established to contribute to the realization of a better society, administration, industry and academic community through knowledge acquisition and systematization of innovative problem resolution from the perspective of both theory and practice. Furthermore, we consist of academics, researchers and business people. On the basis of our fundamental concept in creating a new structure, we do research in thinking and methodology to realize innovative value creation and total harmony all at once. We are focusing on unique and creative management methodologies with a focus on two P’s (Project and Program). The name of the association, P2M, represents our wish to succeed and evolve the intellectual assets in this field beyond generations. Recently, Japan faces complicated social problems like environmental destruction, nuclear accident, safety of food, unemployment of elderly people, the pension problem and disaster in medical care etc. And all of these are caused by the interaction of human behavior, institutions, organizations, and systems in common. Although public administration or businesses have been coping with those problems on an individual basis, we have learned that there are limitations in with that concept and methodology. Under such circumstances, program management thinking has been receiving widespread attention in which complex projects are implemented with all the related elements being distilled into a specific mission. In the field of social technology (ex. paradigm shift, complexity science, cognitive science, meta-engineering), software systems approach or business engineering, the utilization of the methodology has been generating productive researches and outcomes. The objective of P2M is to systematize and evolve the comprehensive management capability like human perceptual capability, imagination, architectonics, planning, and execution. And P2M, based on the concept of extended system engineering, facilitates the project with cross disciplinary thinking and methodology as a Life Cycle Management with defining vision, planning, investment and operation.|
Chart1 Action to complicated social problems.
| Our studies cover a broad range of area as shown in chart 2 which are classified into 5 domains of critical information network, development, innovation, service, public administration. This is because the solution for the issue of confrontational multiple factors has become absolutely necessary in the complexity field.|
For example, in the electric commerce (domain of Internet), multiple issues concerning settlement, law, encryption and application of IT technology need to be solved at the same time. In addition, in the domain of development, it has become critical to research the confrontational themes like “Winner takes all” where first developer acquires all the advantages, business risks described as “Time to Market”, and the speed of developments. One of the approaches to these research is the P2M thinking and methodology which receive broad attention from public administrations and industries, and joint effort between industry and academia is expected to promote the cross disciplinary research.
chart2 Object domain of the research
|Internet||IT technology, e-transaction, Combined factor of organization.|
Electronic commerce, Supply chain, EA, Security,
|Development||High-risk, Lead time, Combined factor of Creative mind.|
Product planning, Business development, Assessment of development technology, Synchronous development, Venture and IPO.
|Innovation||Mind, Different culture, Option, Combined factor of fund.|
Reproduction business, Organizational reform, International hub, Restructuring, Joint venture, Company split-up, Human resources development, Alliance business, CSR.
|Service||Service, Security, Factors of community.|
Maintenance, Reliability, Care of the elderly, Hospital management, Cumulated-type park
|Public Administrator||Public service, Voluntary finance, Cooperation.|
Infrastructure business, Advanced information traffic, Local regeneration, Administrative corporation, Business of structural specific district, ODA business, Overseas personnel training business, PFI business.
Ⅲ.Subject of our research
Chart 3 outlines important and representative methodologies in P2M. In the research of modern social problems, complexity, uncertainty, total optimization and equivocation become keywords. From these perspectives, we have developed some effective methodologies like scenario, systemization, modeling, investment evaluation, gaming simulation, etc. Scenario methodology, being also related to future research, evolved from the work of Peter Schwartz and is receiving remarkable attention. In addition, the system’s dynamics proposed by Forrester of MIT has been evolving as a technique which realizes integral analysis of causal sequence of all of the related elements in terms of event, scenario, and system on a trial basis. System methodology has highly matured in academia and has been developed in the field of engineering and information science as seen with independent system, multiple system, dispersed system, etc. This disciplinary achievement has been expanding and succeeded to social engineering and soft system methodology. In addition, it has been applied to the architecture field like with overall structuring or functional design. In terms of the interface of the information technology, modeling with an architecture as a specific method is absolutely necessary. And among all, business modeling is a remarkable and widely expansible theme these days. Programing and projects are implemented in investment arms that include portfolio assessment and analysis of multidimensional risks and returns concerning politics, economics, finance, technology, competition and market. Gaming simulation gathers attention as a method of consensus formation which facilitates experiment in associating the real world with a virtual one and involves communication between stakeholders.
Chart3 Subject of the reserch:Methodologies
|Scenario||Methodology of Holism and Creative thinking.|
Futurology, Creative idea, Scenario, cognitive psychology, Human factor, Designing of problem solving, Knowledge management.
|System||Methodology for optimization of system.|
System engineering, soft system methodology, architecture methodology, Co-current engineering, social system engineering.
|Modeling||Methodology of structural modeling, Support for IT.|
Concept, Logic, Implementation, Business, Process, Agent, Enterprise.
|Investment evaluation||Return on investment, Management.|
Strategic management, Portfolio, Investment project and analysis, Balance scorecard, Financial risk management, Value engineering.
|G&S||Methodology of Gaming and Simulation.|
Game of policy and strategy, Virtual world creation, Consensus formation, Game of instruction and training.
Ⅳ. The position of our research objective and approach.
Chart 4 shows how each subject is positioned in our research. From the standpoints of both the domain and methodology of research, cross disciplinary and practical science can be illustrated more specifically. This chart can be used as a reference for the participants of the association to find a proper SIG (Special Interest Group) that meets their expectations from the perspectives of the university, the public administration, industry, and the business that they belong to. Our association also manages the researches by category in the presentation meeting based on this chart.
Chart4 Domain and Methodology.
|Scenario||Future prediction of electronic market||Evaluation of building property|
|System||Structure of new product development||System of electronic government|
|Modeling||Enterprise architecture||Procedure of Alliance|
|Investment evalution||Risk return of new medicine||Strategic investment of hospital reform|
|G&S||Consensus formation of SCM||Game of overseas business and different culture||Consensus among residents about incinerator|
We recognize that the approach to the research objective should be problem-solving oriented, and hold up a policy that is based on industry academic cooperation and an unrestrictive innovative mind.
- Consider the bigger picture from the perspectives of “what it is” and “what it should be”, to solve the problem.
- As for the approach taken to source a solution to the problem, the basis of this becomes “what it should be”, together with a description of the future prediction and a description method.
- Creative human recognition is an important domain in a study that covers a whole set of elements.
- The research that pursues the total picture can become complex as there is a strong interaction between an engineering system and human behavior.
- The study of a complex problem is comprised of social science, engineering, information science and cognitive psychology.
- It is essential to know how to progress from the total picture to the solution while incorporating policy, strategic thinking and approach.
- An important aspect of the methodology of problem solving is the study of the interaction between multiple systems.
- Make up a budget and implement an investment business based on an overall architecture of problem solving.
- This type of problem solving is made up of a dynamic methodology in which explicit and implicit knowledge mutually have an influence.
- It is necessary to adopt a broad approach to the study of knowledge, information, communication, human beings and information infrastructure.
Ⅴ. Message to the participants.
We are truly pleased to welcome all of business people and researchers from industry, university and public organization. Our association is opening the door also for motivated students of universities and graduate schools and expecting the active participation.
|1. To senior level manager and developer who are dedicated to producing a new structure.|
|A large number of universities and companies have been going to tackle the organization reform so that they can make transition from “product manufacturing” to “service manufacturing” and pursue the value creation in an original way. Accordingly, they are being required to have innovative idea, knowledge, methodology which enable to integrate engineering system, business model and service know-how into new structure. Development of new structure is effective concept also for public policy planner who are dedicated to realization of sustainable growth of society. Taking the example of hub airport or modal shift, the idea of new structure based on an overall insight into industrial competence, environmental issues and industrial infrastructure. We hope that all the participants will share the case studies in this field mutually, and contribute to knowledge accumulation through discussion about successful model and attribution analysis between researchers and policy planners.|
|2. To planner, entrepreneur, researcher who are dedicated to realize an innovative management of local regeneration.|
|Assessment of public policy becomes more important for the local regeneration. And the intelligent industrial cluster, in which technological development of university is grown into industrial vitality with PFI (Private Finance Initiative) and formulation of policy is also a subject of research. The association provides for researches on each issues specifically which involve examination of the program from the perspective of acceptability and feasibility. In many cases, in order to facilitate local consensus formation the methodologies of gaming and simulation are employed. We hope that you will take initiative to conduct research through a perspective of your local community.|
|3. To organizational researcher and HR manager who are dedicated to development of innovative facilitator.|
|Generally, in an organization many experts perform works on the division of labor. On the other hand, in the innovative activity concerning the product development or business development, innovative facilitator who can make best use of each specialist’s expertise like conductor. And an innovative facilitator is expected to draw strength of members of each domain and produce an inspiring output. Especially, in the organization which is required to be flat, speedy, flexible, the research and development of innovative facilitator has become an urgent issue. We hope that we will collaborate with you in the development of an original Japanese and practical system, and in the examination of HRD and an ideal organization in the service-oriented society.|
|4. To researcher, entrepreneur who are going to challenge the high-risks, high-return business.|
|R&D, business development, entrepreneurial venture belong to high-risk high-return strategic domain where the competency in global business largely depends on management capability. However, in reality, most of the fundamental researches fail to yield practical application in the market because of a deep division between technology and business and management people’s lack of perspective of business overview. And although the management of high-risk high-return business has been gathering attention in the area of finance, engineering development, internet entrepreneur, the practical research has only just begun. To cope with environmental transformation like technology innovation, economic growth, life style change, it is essential to choose a prospective field, reduce the lead time, yield competitive advantage. We hope that you will join our research on how to find out a prospective field, task clarification, problem solving, decision making and team formation.|
|5. To researcher and planner who are dedicated to logistics management of network business.|
|The information technology, being combined with various industries, has been contributing to improvement of the productivity, competitiveness reinforcement, and evolution of the business style. Accordingly, the research objectives cover a lot of ground, as is shown in the IT industry which many topics like solution business, system integration, enterprise architecture, security. In preparation for business impact of network and the needs in the future, the association intend to develop the management of business creation based upon not only a specific information engineering, but a wide range of technologies in society and industries as a whole. Recently, agent-oriented modelling attracts lots of attention as a methodology of prediction about social trend in future. Although in Japan we have information technology and ITS (Intelligent Transport System) at the highest level in the world, most of the standard of management and software are from Europe and United States. And the issues of establishment of electronic government, HRD, digital divide are still remaining to be solved. We hope that you will get into the exchange meeting with researchers and business persons.|
|6. To researcher and manager who are going to challenge to realize a management of innovative international partnership.|
|An international supply chain network has been built due to the expansion of global competition, and business transaction across the boundaries of location, time and industry. And corporate manager can acquire some valuable resources through a sequence of business procedure such as management knowledge from the information network, reallocation of resources through the logistics management, expansion of communication network. From the perspective of international partnership management, there has been a real need for the cross disciplinary body of knowledge. We welcome that participants will join our discussion about how to clarify and execute the mission in the complex interaction of politics, economy, technology, multiple cultures and network. Furthermore we hope you will work together with us to organize the knowledge about successful model through research activity in Europe and United States and business in Asia.|